British General Allenby enters Jerusalem in December of 1917--an event of lasting significance, and one which symbolized age-old conflicts (i. e., the Crusades) which still rage today. Christians were surprised and thrilled by Jerusalem's fall. The Balfour Declaration was signed just weeks earlier, so Jews were hopeful of an eventual return to Palestine, now in British hands. Muslims vowed to reclaim the holy city from infidels--even if that meant Jihad. And the proto-dispensationalists of that era believed that Jerusalem's time of being occupied by Gentiles was over (cf. Luke 21:24). This was the sign that God's end-times clock was counting down to the Lord's return.